When and water begins coming into your home, the natural reaction to have is panic. It is a normal reaction due to the fact that water can trigger some extreme and costly destruction. You can remove a few of that feeling by understanding ahead of time what to do when your home floods.
As quickly as you observe that your home is filling with water, there are actions that you need to take. House flooding, what to do? Initially, make sure you and your family aren’t in any threat, and then see if you can stop the circulation of water. If you can’t, do what you can to reduce it and the damage it’s triggering. After the water, has actually finished coming in, you can start working on clearing it out, or you can call for professional help.
What to do if your house floods
Actions should be quick and clear, as in a fire. The first step is to de-energize the house, collect documents, money, and food and move it to the second floor, if possible. If not better leave your house. Then, evacuate items in descending order of their value. Children should immediately take place on the top floor or in the attic or moved to safe place. In this situation, various means of extreme survival are very helpful, such as waterproof flashlight and some power banks. All this will help you not to panic.
What to do after the flood in house?
You probably will be questioning yourself: my house flooded now what? Just breathe here is what you have to do:
1. Prevent Further Damage
Primarily, you require to cut the power. Take extra care prior to going in to grab items or take pictures. Even if all electrical appliances were turned off, a qualified electrician should check the wiring. If at least something was turned on, you must turn off the electricity immediately, observing safety precautions (rubber shoes and rubber gloves). Do not touch the wiring if the walls are wet or there is water in the house.
Before removing the results of the flood, it is necessary to photograph the room to document the extent of the destruction (this can be useful when applying for compensation, and will also be useful as technical information). Photos should be taken at all the next stages of work.
You might be able to use insurance coverage to cover some expenses. A couple of homeowners anticipate this level of difficulty, so it is smart to keep your papers arranged and simple to find. The documents you may require are:
Property owners’ policy records
Documents of flood insurance
Evidence of ownership
4. Dangerous cracks
Make a visual assessment of the exterior of your home. Search for signs of possible risk, like a collapsed roof. If you are not sure that the home is safe to go into, do not go within. If there are visible cracks on the exterior walls or at the entrance to the house, an expert should be called to assess the condition of the building, since the building may collapse, but not all cracks are a threat of destruction.
The specialist should also check the density of the gas pipes. If there is a smell of gas in the room, you need to call the gas service immediately. You also can not use an open fire before the gas pipes are checked. Water pipes and sewers should also be checked.
Contact the insurance company as soon as possible and inform them about the damage. It is also necessary to find out whether your video or photo recording of damage will be recognized as proof by the insurance company, since the house needs to be dried as soon as possible to minimize damage, and the arrival of expert appraisers may take several days. If the house is slightly damaged, you can eliminate the results of the flood. First of all, you need to remove the water.
Repairing your flooded home
1. Remove water
Depending on the level of flooding, you can use sump pumps for dirty water or vacuum cleaners (but before doing so, make sure that dirty water will not harm them). For a small amount, a bucket, mop, and rag are enough.
2. Check areas for damages
Wallpaper, wood paneling, furniture, carpets and etc. Everything that was in contact with water for more than 24 hours is probably subject to be thrown away. Wear gloves and mask to protect yourself while doing any work inside the house.
After removing the water, the house should be ventilated and dried. Natural ventilation is a long process, and the air can be humid, which will further prolong the complete drying of the room. The faster it dries, the lower the losses will be, so it is best to use dehumidifiers and fans. They are expensive, but significantly reduce the risk of damage caused by humidity.
After drying, the room must be disinfected and treated with a fungus remedy. Use an anti-mildew spray to prevent mildew from developing.
How to prevent flood
But how to make sure that this water does not become a disaster overnight and does not leave a family homeless? How can you protect yourself from the water element, and what to do if the house was in a flood zone?
Water protection measures are necessary for any building, and even more so for one that is built in the risk zone of “high water”. Moisture penetrates deep into building structures, where it gradually violates their integrity and destroys many materials. You need to look for a place to build a house where flooding is impossible because measures to protect the house from water are too expensive. At the same time, this does not mean that a house near the water is necessarily subject to flooding. If you choose the place correctly, you can have a dry house and a beautiful water landscape outside the window.
Information about the hydrological situation can be obtained in the course of relevant surveys, which must be carried out before building a house. You need to examine the site in the spring when the water is as high as possible. It will not be hard to talk to the locals to ask them if water fills their basements after heavy rains. If the basements are periodically flooded, it is better to look for another site for construction.
It is very important to design the house in such a way when a flood comes, consequences will be minimized. In case of flooding, a second floor or a residential attic is very useful, where you can wait out the time of “high water”. All valuables will be saved if there is a place to pick them up. However, if you have a one-floor house, you can prepare a temporary shelter in the attic. It would be good that there will be at least one window. Also, use water-resistant material to construct your house.
Most floods are easy to predict, especially in areas where they occur regularly and at approximately the same time. Citizens are notified by the emergency service, and also gives residents clear instructions about their behavior. In homes that fall into the flood zone, all electrical appliances are disconnected from the network in advance, and water and gas are blocked at the input. All valuables must be moved to the second floor or attic. If there is a possibility of evacuation, then you need to prepare basic necessities and pack documents and money in a waterproof container. Basic necessities include a set of changing clothes, hygiene products, a set of bed linen, a first aid kit, and a three-day supply of food and water.